Aims at reducing HCFC consumption in the air-conditioning and foam sectors. This is a grant of USD $23 million administered by the World Bank.
Voluntary scheme that attaches a ‘green label’ to specific products. Products must be manufactured or assembled by ISO 9002 certified plants, quality control plant according to the test method number 5.6.1, or certified by other standardized tests of product quality that may be set in the future. Products must also be manufactured, transported and disposed of in a manner meeting requirements of all applicable governmental acts and regulations.
Sets carbon intensity from power sector targets: Amount of carbon dioxide emission per unit (kgCO2/kWh): 2021 – 0.399; 2026 – 0.370; 2030 – 0.342; and 2036 – 0.319 Amount of carbon dioxide emission per annum (thousand tons of CO2): 2021 – 93,689; 2026 – 98,950; 2030 – 99,822; and 2036 – 104,075 To achieve these targets, the Plan sets target shares of energy consumption for individual energy sources to be reached in the sector: Imported hydro power: 10-15% (2026), 15-20% (2036) Clean coal including lignite: 20-25% (2026), 20-25% (2036) Renewable energy including hydro: 10-20% (2026), 15-20% (2036) Natural gas: 45-50% (2026), 30-40% (2036) Nuclear: 0% (2026), 0-5% (2036) Diesel/Fuel: 0% (2026), 0% (2036)
Emphasizes importance of improving power system reliability, reducing dependence on natural gas power generation, increasing clean coal technology deployment, and developing renewable energy. Focuses on: Energy Security: coping with the increasing power demand to correspond to National Economic and Social Development Plan and taking into account fuel diversification Economy: maintaining an appropriate cost of power generation for long-term economic competitiveness Ecology: lessening carbon dioxide intensity of power generation. Thailand Power Development Plan (2015-2036)
Aims to support fossil fuel management in line with the goals of the Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP) and Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP 2015), while taking into account the environment and potential risks to the country’s energy security. Sets five key management principles and details each with proposed measures: Support measures to save fuel in the transportation sector Promote optimal type of fuel according to uses Restructuring prices of fuel to reflect cost of pollution, road damage and other externalities Enhance ethanol and biodiesel consumption Encourage investment in the fuel infrastructure
Establishes the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) as regulatory body for the energy industry, with the following authority and duties: ensure security and reliability of the power system; inspect the energy industry operations of licensees to ensure efficiency and transparency; promote knowledge and awareness in relation to energy; promote and support human resources development in order to increase efficiency in the energy industry; promote economical and efficient use of energy and the use of renewable energy and low-impact energy, with due consideration of the efficiency of the electricity industry operations and the balance of natural resources.
Requires large-scale energy businesses, e.g. those in the electricity, oil and natural gas industry, to implement energy conservation promotion measures to encourage their customers to reduce energy use by a specified minimum standard (Energy Efficiency Resource Standards: EERS), instead of allowing such measures to be voluntarily undertaken as previously practiced.
Aims to reduce energy elasticity (the percentage change in energy consumption to achieve 1% change in national GDP) from an average of 0.98 in the past 20 years to 0.7 in the next 20 years.
Prioritizes the transportation sector for energy efficiency conservation measures.
By 2030, reduce energy intensity by 25%, compared with 2005 levels.
Requires “designated” factories and buildings to conduct energy audits and set targets for energy conservation. Establishes the Energy Conservation Promotion Fund to finance projects and research related to energy conservation.
Establishes the Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO), which serves as the Designated National Authority for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in Thailand. It reviews CDM projects for approval and provides technical assistance.
By 2021, at least 25% of energy consumption to be from renewable energy sources. Climate Change Master Plan 2015-2050
By 2021, 7-20% reduction of GHG emissions from energy and transport sectors, compared to 2005 levels and subject to level of international support.
By 2036, 30% of final energy consumption to be from renewable energy sources.
By 2036, 25% share of renewable energy in fuel consumption of transportation sector.
By 2036, 6,000 MW of electricity generated by large hydro.
By 2036, 3,002 MW of electricity generated by wind.
By 2036, 6,000 MW of electricity generated by solar.
By 2036, 600 MW of electricity generated by biogas (WW/SW). By 2036, 680 MW of electricity generated by biogas (energy crop).
By 2036, 5,570 MW of electricity generated by biomass.
By 2036, 376 MW of electricity generated by small hydro.
By 2036, 20-25% share of biofuel in fuel production.
By 2036, 30-35% share of renewable energy in heat production.
By 2036, 15-20% renewable energy in electricity production.
By 2036, 20% of net national electrical energy demand to be supplied by renewable energy sources.
By 2036, increase of renewable energy to around 20,000 MW.
By 2030, conditional reduction of up to 25% of GHG emissions, compared to 2005 levels, subject to adequate and enhanced access to technology development and transfer, financial resources and capacity building support.
By 2030, 20% reduction in GHG emissions compared to 2005 levels, economy-wide.