By 2018, aims to increase the percentage of sustainably harvested forest resources to 58.7% from 31.6% in 2013, to reach 94% of forest areas certified under “good forest management practice,” to include at least 10.2% of forest area in the ‘payment for ecosystem services’ scheme, to increase the percentage of restored or rehabilitated forest area to 5.45% from 0.71% in 2013 (out of the areas designated for restoration), to reduce the percentage of wood sold on illegal markets to 0% from 27.6% in 2012, to achieve 8,750,000 tons of avoided CO2e emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and to increase by 30% the credits allocated for forestry development and conservation programs by the Development Bank of Mexico since 2012.
Aims to increase sustainable production and productivity of forests and to promote conservation and restoration of forest ecosystems and protect forest ecosystems.
Establishes the National Forestry Program 2014-2018, which aims to reduce GHG emissions and climate change impacts through the protection and development of forest ecosystems.
Aims to promote research and development on energy efficiency technologies.
Aims to contribute to the capacity building and dissemination of an energy savings culture in society.
Aims to promote the development of technical and technological capacities related to sustainable energy use.
Aims to strengthen the systems and government agencies responsible for energy efficiency at federal level, state and municipal level integrating public, private, academic and social institutions.
Aims to strengthen regulation of energy efficiency in appliances and energy consuming equipment manufactured and commercialized in the country.
Aims to design and develop programs and actions that enable the optimal use of energy in processes and activities in the national energy supply chain.
Establishes the National Program for Sustainable Energy Use (known as PRONASE), which sets the strategy and actions for energy efficiency at a national level for all sectors through 2018.
By 2025, achieve 35% electricity generation capacity from clean, non-fossil, energy sources (nuclear, large hydro, CCS, RE).
By 2018, aims to increase installed renewable energy capacity including 1,3030 MW hydropower, 8,922 MW wind power, 784 MW of bioenergy, 1018 MW geothermal, and 627 MW solar PV.
Establishes the requirements for clean energy certificates, compliance systems, and penalties for non-compliance.
As part of the National Program for Sustainable Energy Use, the Transition Strategy identifies key areas for national mitigation focus. Calls for:
By 2024, generate at least 35% of power with clean technologies.
Launches MÉXICO2, a voluntary exchange that provides carbon credits to companies that develop environmentally friendly projects in the country. These credits can be used to offset costs from the carbon tax. The Mexican Stock Exchange (BVM) operates the program.
Establishes a tax on carbon from fossil fuel use, charging $3.50 per ton of emissions.
Creates a climate change fund, which will channel public, private, national and international funding projects for adaptation and mitigation actions.
Establishes a voluntary market for emissions trading to promote GHG reductions in a cost-effective, verifiable, measurable and reportable manner (and establishes a framework for accounting of GHG emissions).
By 2050, reduce GHG emissions by 50% compared to 2000, subject to the availability of financial resources and technology transfer.
By 2020, reduce GHG emissions 30% below BAU, subject to the availability of financial resources and technology transfer.
Stipulates that costs previously externalized (including health and environmental impacts) are now to be included in evaluation of costs associated with operation and expansion of the Electricity Industry.
Establishes a Smart Grid Program to promote grid modernization to maintain a reliable and secure infrastructure to meet electricity demand.
By 2018, achieve a minimum share of clean energies in power generation of 25%, 30 % by 2021, and 35 % by 2024 under the Secretariat of Energy (CRE).
Regulates the exploration and exploitation of geothermal resources for the use of the thermal energy of the subsoil. (Defines geothermal concessions and regulates prospection and exploration.)
Establishes Clean Energy Certificates (CEL) as an instrument to promote new investments in clean energies as well as the national goals of clean generation of electricity.
Between 2013 to 2030, reduce emissions intensity per unit of GDP by around 40%.
By 2026, reach net emissions peak, decoupling GHG emissions from economic growth.
By 2030, reduce 25% of its Greenhouse Gases and Short Lived Climate Pollutants emissions below BAU (973 MtCO2eq per year) levels. This commitment implies a reduction of 22% of GHG and a reduction of 51% of Black Carbon. The 25% reduction could increase up to a 40% in a conditional manner, subject to a global agreement addressing important topics including international carbon price, carbon border adjustments, technical cooperation, access to low-cost financial resources and technology transfer, all at a scale commensurate to the challenge of global climate change. Within the same conditions, GHG reductions could increase up to 36%, and Black Carbon reductions to 70% by 2030.
Establishes the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) as the entity in charge of regulation and surveillance, and establishes the National Center for Energy Control (CENACE) as the operational control of the National Electric System (SEN). The Mexican State retains the functions of planning, regulation, control, transmission and distribution of electricity.
Regulates the regime of the electricity sector to move to a new model based on free competition in the activities of generation and commercialization.