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Norway

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While not a European Union member, Norway is closely associated with the EU as it is a member of the European Economic Area, and has chosen to align its NDC with the EU submission. It has committed to a target of an at least 40% reduction...
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Policies

Policy

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  • Policy

    By 2030, at least 40% reduction in GHG emissions compared to 1990 levels, covering energy, industrial process and product use, agriculture, land-use and land-use change, forestry, and waste.

    NDC

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      Responsible climate policy

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Sets out mitigation-related measures to be implemented: create a climate and energy fund for development of technology and industrial transformation, increase offshore supply of electric power from the mainland, while safeguarding biological diversity, increase state subsidies for investment in, and operation of, municipal public transportation and other environmentally-friendly forms of transportation, adopt climate measures in agriculture and carbon removals in forests through active forest management, maintain or increase the forest carbon stock through active, sustainable forest policies, improve incentives for the use of bio-energy derived from wood, and increase the mandatory sale of bio-fuels to 5%.

    Climate Settlement & LSE Description

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2050, achieve carbon neutrality (and possibility to further tighten this time-frame).

    Climate Settlement

    LSE Description

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    As of 2020, participates in ICAO’s voluntary Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). Pilot phase of Corsia is 2021 through 2023.

    CORSIA

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  • Policy

    Levies a tax on the importation and domestic production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs), including recycled HFCs and PFCs (some exemptions are made). In 2004, a scheme, which provides a refund when gas is destroyed, was also introduced. The initial tax on HFCs/PFCs was NOK 180 (appr. 19 Euro) per GWP-tonnes, and in 2017 was NOK 450 (appr.45 Euro) after relatively large increases in 2014 and 2017. The tax now approximately equals the CO2 tax rate on mineral oil. (Seventh National Communication).

    Duty on HFCs and PFCs

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2030, achieve carbon neutrality.

    IEA & Reuters (Intention to set binding goal in NDC)

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Sets emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles as part of the EU’s integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles. The average level of CO2 emissions from these vehicles must not exceed 175 grams of CO2 per kilometer as from 2017 (the requirement will be introduced gradually as from 2014). From 2020, the level is not to exceed 147 grams of CO2 per kilometer.

    Reduction of CO2 Emissions from Light Commercial Vehicles

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Implements EU directive on availability of consumer information regarding fuel economy and carbon dioxide emissions in marketing of new passenger cars is implemented, and in process for light vehicle cars. Requires that a label on fuel economy and CO2 emissions is attached to or displayed near, in a clearly visible manner, each new passenger car model at the point of sale.

    Directive on Availability of Consumer Information on Fuel Economy and CO2 Emissions of New Passenger Cars & EEA Agreement

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    States that petroleum resources will be managed in a long-term perspective so as to benefit the entire Norwegian society in regards to resource management, generation of income and employment for the country, ensuring a better environment, and strengthening Norwegian business and industrial development. Restricts petroleum activity to the State unless granted permissions, approvals, and consents as required by this Act. Applies to petroleum activities related to subsea petroleum deposits subject to Norwegian jurisdiction and petroleum activities in and outside the empire and the Norwegian continental shelf as it follows from international law or by agreement with a foreign state. Act details requirements and limitations related to examination permits, production licenses, recovery of petroleum, decommissioning, registrations, liabilities, social requirements, special rules of compensation to Norwegian fishermen, and other general terms.

    Petroleum Activities Act

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    From 1990, Norway has excised a CO2 tax on petroleum which is burnt,  natural gas discharged to air, on CO2 separated from petroleum and discharged to air, and on installations used in connection with production or transportation of petroleum. Over time the CO2 tax has been expanded and as of 2017 is NOK 450 per tonne of CO2 for many sources (mineral oil, natural gas, LPG, petrol and diesel) (Seventh National Communication).

    CO2 Tax

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      Carbon pricing

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    The CO2 tax on mineral oil for domestic aviation has increased, with both EU ETS and non-EU ETS aviation paying a tax of NOK 430 per tonne of CO2, as of 2017 (Seventh National Communication).

    Seventh National Communication

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2020 achieve nearly zero energy level in buildings.

    Climate Settlement & LSE Description

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2020, 30-40% reduction in GHG emissions compared to 1990 levels.


    Climate Settlement & LSE Description

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      Carbon pricing

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      Responsible climate policy

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      Science-based targets

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Aims to increase generation of electrical energy from renewable energy sources. Establishes a system of green certificates, which are issued by the Norwegian state to renewable energy producers (hydropower, wind, solar, ocean energy, geothermal, bioenergy). The certificates can be issued for production that takes place through December 31, 2035. Certificates can be sold to anyone with a certificate account and can be pledged as security. Quota obligations apply to: anyone supplying electrical energy to an end-user, anyone consuming self-produced electrical energy, and anyone purchasing electrical energy for own consumption on the Nordic power exchange or through a bilateral agreement.

    Electricity Certificates Act

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Aims to limit GHG emissions via a trading mechanism. Establishes government authority over the number of allowances to be allocated and which of these allowances will be issued free of charge. Regulates reporting and control related to emissions and allowances and sets out penal measures for those operators not complying with reporting obligations.

    GHG Emission Trading Act

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      Carbon pricing

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      Reduce SLCPs

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      Responsible climate policy

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      Science-based targets

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Promotes sustainable management of forest resources. Requires rejuvenation of forests after harvest, puts restrictions on road construction in forests, establishes a forest fund to support sustainable management practices, and details penalties for non-compliance of various measures. Notes that The Ministry may impose further regulations on forest management in forest areas of particular environmental value linked to biological diversity, landscapes, outdoor life, or cultural heritage.

    Forestry Act & Amendment

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Aims to promote sustainable development in the best interests of individuals, society and future generations. All plans made to buildings pursuant to this act (erection, demolition, alteration, and other projects related to buildings, structures and installations, as well as physical alteration of the land and the establishment and alteration of property) are to take the climate into account in energy supply and transport solutions.

    Planning and Building Act

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Aims to prevent products from causing environmental disruption (in the form of disturbance of ecosystems, pollution, waste, noise) and to prevent environmental disturbance by promoting effective energy use in products. Producers/suppliers are to assess whether the product may result in environmental disruption, as defined by the Act, and provide adequate consumer information. Includes a ‘substitution obligation’ clause for businesses: requiring that a ‘business using a chemical substance that may cause effect as mentioned shall assess whether there is an alternative that results in less risk of such an effect. In this case, the business should choose this option, if it can happen without unreasonable cost or inconvenience.’

    Product Control Act & Amendment

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Regulates offshore renewable energy production. Requires that the Norwegian Government to have designated specific geographical zones for license applications for any construction of offshore wind power and other renewable energy production units/facilities at sea to occur. The opening of zones requires that a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is implemented.

    Offshore Energy Act

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Until 2020, the cap on total aviation allowances was originally set at 210,349,264 per year and has been increased by 116,524 allowances per year from 1 January 2014 onwards to account for Croatia’s full integration into the EU ETS (EU Emissions Trading Scheme – aviation cap).

    EU Emissions Trading Scheme – aviation cap

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Extends zero rating to leasing of electric vehicles and to the sale and import of batteries for electric vehicles.

    VAT & Amendment

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Extends Norway’s commitment to the Kyoto Protocol through the second commitment period (2020).

    Prop. 173 S

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Establishes a framework for setting eco-design requirements for energy-related products with the aim of ensuring the free movement of such products within the EU market. Aims to increase energy efficiency, protection of the environment, and the security of energy supply. Requires that before a product covered by this Directive is placed on the market and/or put into service, a CE marking is to be affixed and an EC declaration of conformity issued whereby the manufacturer or its authorized representative ensures compliance. Calls on Member States to develop systems for market surveillance and penalties for non-compliance.

    Directive for Setting Eco-Design Requirements for Energy-Related Products

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Implements EU directive on labeling of energy use in household products. The EU will redesign the energy label for some products, with classes A to G, and will create a product database where manufactures will be required to submit the relevant information about their products. The product database registration will be in force beginning January 1, 2019. For products launched between August 1, 2017 and January 1, 2019, suppliers shall, by June 30, 2019, enter in the product database the product-related information. From January 1, 2019, all new products must be registered before marketing.

    Standards and Labeling for Energy-Related Products & FAQ on Recent Updates

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Enova SF, as a state enterprise owned by the Norwegian government (Ministry of Petroleum and Energy) funded through “the Energy Fund,” (financed by a levy on the electricity grid tariff and by allocations from the state budget), with an annual budget of more than NOK 2,6 billion, aims to contribute to greenhouse gas emissions reduction and increased energy security. It provides investment aid and conditional loans to related projects.

    Enova SF Investment Aid/Concessional Loans

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Implements EU Decision 2016/1433 of August 2016 establishing that the Biomass Biofuels Sustainability Voluntary Scheme certification scheme meets the sustainability criteria under European Parliament and Council Directives. This is a voluntary scheme that verifies compliance with the EU’s biofuels sustainability criteria. Establishes that the production of biofuel did not occur on land with high biodiversity or that land with high carbon stock was not converted for biofuel production.

    2BSVS Implementation

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Complies with the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets. Norway has adopted the RES Directive as part of the EEA agreement. Details 2020 renewable energy targets.

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

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  • Policy

    By 2020, 67% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption.

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

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  • Policy

    By 2020, 43% of heat consumption met by renewable sources.

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

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  • Policy

    By 2020, 114% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable sources.

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Establishes a common Norwegian-Swedish certificate market for renewable electricity production. The overall target for new renewable electricity production in the common electricity certificate market is 28.4 TWh by the year 2020.

    Norway-Sweden Green Certificates

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Implements EU Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings, including requirements on the calculation of energy performance in buildings, minimum energy performance requirements for new and renovated buildings, energy certification of buildings and inspection of boilers and air condition systems.

    Energy Performance of Buildings

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  • Policy

    Participates in the EU ETS (Norway Links with EU ETS).

    2013 cap for emissions from fixed installations is set at 2,084,301,856 allowances as part of Phase 3.

    Between 2013-2020, this cap decreases each year by 1.74%, amounting to a reduction of 38,264,246 allowances each year (EU Emissions Cap). Auctioning is the default method for allocating allowances and 300 million allowances set aside in the New Entrants Reserve to fund the deployment of innovative renewable energy technologies and carbon capture and storage through the NER 300 programme (Phase 3).

    In 2021, the pace of annual reductions in allowances increases to 2.2% as of 2021 as part of Phase 4. Phase 4 will also continue the free allocation of allowances as well as include low-carbon funding mechanisms (Phase 4).

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      Carbon pricing

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      RE100 - 100% renewable power

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      Reduce SLCPs

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      Remove deforestation

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      Report climate information (TCFD)

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      Responsible climate policy

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      Science-based targets

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      Sustainable Fuels