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If you’d like more information on the We Mean Business coalition’s policy work, please contact Jen Austin

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France

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As a Member State, France will contribute to the EU’s goal of an economy-wide 40% reduction of domestic GHGs below 1990 levels by 2030 and participates in the EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme. Some of France’s key climate and energy-related legislation go back several years prior to...
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Policies

Policy

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  • Policy

    By 2030, at least 40% reduction in GHG emissions compared to 1990 levels covering 100% of GHG emissions, to be fulfilled jointly between EU countries.

    2030 Climate and Energy Framework

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  • Policy

    Establishes that new residential buildings will be required to have a primary energy consumption lower than 50 kWh/m²/year and creates a minimum energy efficiency requirement for the ‘bioclimatic need’ – “Biomax” of the building, a maximum average primary energy consumption of the building below 50 kWh/m²/year – “Cmax,” and a summer comfort requirement.

    Thermal Regulations

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  • Policy

    By 2020, aims at reducing the CO2 emissions of new buildings by 13m-35m tonnes of CO2 from 2013 and reducing the primary energy consumption in new buildings by 150bn kWh from 2013.

    Thermal Regulations

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  • Policy

    Establishes new efficiency labels for buildings exceeding the Reglementation Thermique standard:

    • HPE (Haute Performance Energétique): 10% further reduction
    • THPE (Très Haute Performance Energétique): 20% further reduction
    Thermal Regulations

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2040, establishes an end to all activities of exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbon fossil fuels on the French territory, including the exclusive economic zone and the continental plateau. The ban includes gas, oil and coal, and stipulates that no further permit will be granted by the government. Permits already attributed can keep exploration and extraction activities ongoing.

    Termination of Exploitation and Research of Hydrocarbon Fossil Fuels

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  • Policy

    Stipulates that fossil fuels importing companies shall make public, yearly from January 1st, 2019, the greenhouse gases emissions unitary intensity over the full life-cycle per unit of energy of imported hydrocarbons.

    Termination of Exploitation and Research of Hydrocarbon Fossil Fuels

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  • Policy

    Revises the mining code’s art. L.111-13 to expand the ban to other techniques that would lead to a pore pressure higher than lithostatic pressure in the geologic shell, excluding punctual maintenance operations or safety reasons.

    Termination of Exploitation and Research of Hydrocarbon Fossil Fuels

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2030, reduce GHG emissions by 40% from 1990.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2050, reduce GHG emissions by 75% by 2050 from 1990, and reduce national energy usage by at least 50%.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Carbon pricing

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2050, reduce the share of fossil fuels in energy production by 30% compared to 2012.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2030, reduce France’s reliance on nuclear power from the current 75% (2015) to 50% and cap the total output from nuclear power at 63.2 GW.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Increase the share of renewables up to 32% of the energy mix by 2030.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2020, establish an increase in the carbon tax on fossil fuel, from the 2015 rate of €14.5 to €56 per ton in 2020, pending ratification of annual budget.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Carbon pricing

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2030, establish an increase in the carbon tax on fossil fuel, from the 2015 rate of €14.5 to €100 per ton, pending ratification of annual budget.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Carbon pricing

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Simplifies administrative procedures for energy upgrades of communal parts of buildings as well as procedures for building certifications.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Establishes a clean transport program, which incentivizes citizens to buy low-emission vehicles by installing approximately 7 million charging stations and dedicated parking places.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Establishes a clean transport program, which incentivizes citizens to buy low-emission vehicles by installing approximately 7 million charging stations and dedicated parking places.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Requires the State to prioritize electric and low-carbon vehicles in procurement (at least 50% of new procurement).

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Requires that taxi and rental companies will have to reach a minimum of 10% of low-carbon vehicles in their vehicle fleet.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Allows metropolitan areas to reduce traffic speed on all or part of the city routes and introduce temporary traffic bans against polluting vehicles across the city. Creates price reductions for access to public transport in case of traffic ban for certain type of vehicles

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Requires listed companies to disclose financial risks related to the effects of climate change and measures adopted by the company to reduce them

    Energy Transition Law

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  • Policy

    Requires that banks and credit providers shall disclose the risks evidenced by the stress-tests that are regularly implemented in their mandatory risk reports.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Requires institutional investors to disclose information to beneficiaries on how their investment decision-making process takes social, environmental and governance criteria into consideration (including climate risk), and the means implemented to contribute to the financing of the ecological and energy transition. Requires investors to declare the environmental impact of their investment portfolios, including specific reference to impact on climate change.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2030, increase by 30% the ratio of the GDP to domestic material consumption from 2010.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Aims to decrease the domestic material consumption per capita (consumer products, food waste, electronic waste) and increase recycling rates.

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  • Policy

    Establishes that as of 1 January 2016, disposable plastic bags available at supermarket counters are prohibited, and from 1 January 2017, “fruit and vegetables” plastic bags are prohibited.

    Energy Transition Law

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  • Policy

    Establishes that as of 1 January 2017, the use of non-biodegradable and non-compostable plastic packaging for sending addressed or non-addressed press and advertising is prohibited. Prohibits the production, distribution, sale, provision and use of packaging or bags made wholly or partly from oxo-fragmentable plastic (biodegradable but not compostable).

    Energy Transition Law

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      Science-based targets

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2020, state services and local authorities are to decrease their office paper consumption by 30%.

    Energy Transition Law

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  • Policy

    Establishes that as of 1 January 2017, at least 25% of paper products, stationery and fiber-based prints acquired by state services and local authorities and their groupings are to be made from recycled paper, with the rest to come from sustainably managed forests.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Establishes that as of 1 January 2020, at least 40% of paper products, stationery and fiber-based prints acquired by state services and local authorities and their groupings are to be made from recycled paper, with the rest to come from sustainably managed forests.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Carbon pricing

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Aims at better monitoring of waste as well as countering against chemical waste trafficking and unregulated waste disposal.

    Energy Transition Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Sets a trajectory for the carbon component of domestic consumption tax rates for the 2018-2022 period. The value of the carbon component of the tariffs for these taxes is set at 44.60 euros / tonne of CO2 in 2018, 55 euros in 2019 and 65, 40 euros in 2020, to reach 86.20 euros in 2022

    Finance Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Creates a more stringent environmental penalty for (based on the only carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of vehicles): the trigger threshold of the malus is lowered from 127 to 120 grams of CO2/km. The law sets a progressive scale ranging from 50 euros for the least emitting vehicles to 10,500 euros for those emitting 185 g of CO2/km or more.

    Finance Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Earmarks EUR 388 million of financial aid for the acquisition of clean vehicles (EUR 266 million) and the withdrawal of greater polluting vehicles (€122 million).

    Finance Law

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Mandates that the government must develop upon a Climate Plan every two years.

    Energy Policy Framework

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  • Policy

    Establishes the transposition of the EU Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings (standards, energy performance certificate, energy efficiency studies before construction begins).

    Energy Policy Framework

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  • Policy

    Establishes a High Council on Energy to manage all aspects of the energy sector (including a White Certificate scheme to encourage energy efficiency).

    Energy Policy Framework

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  • Policy

    Establishes new incentive mechanisms such as tax exemptions, energy labels for buildings, and a White Certificate Program to encourage energy efficiency among firms in the energy sector as envisaged in the 2004 Climate Plan.

    Energy Policy Framework

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  • Policy

    Establishes a ‘low consumption building’ norm to all new buildings starting end 2012 (less than 50kWh/m2/year of primary energy consumption).

    Grenelle I

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  • Policy

    By 2020, reduce energy consumption in old buildings by 38%.

    Grenelle I

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2020, reduce fuel consumption passenger/km by 50% and reduce by 50% total fuel consumption in aviation transport. Also by 2020, inaugurate 2,000 km of high-speed rail by 2020

    Grenelle I

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2022, increase the share of non-road and non-aviation transport to 25% from 14% in 2009.

    Grenelle I

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Mandates an energy audit to be conducted for large firms every four years (except for ISO 50001 certified companies). The firms concerned are ones that have more than 250 employees or revenues exceeding 50 million euros total assets s exceeding 43 million euros in the last two accounting years (grand enterprises EU status equivalent).

    Link to policy

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2020, establishes dual target of reducing France’s energy consumption to 131.4 Mtoe of final energy and 219.9 Mtoe of primary energy (excluding non-energy uses and international bunkers). Targets were established in accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (EED).

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP)

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  • Policy

    By 2020, improve energy efficiency by 20% (Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (EED)).

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP)

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  • Policy

    Creation of the interest-free eco-loan (eco-PTZ) in 2009 aimed at individual owner-occupiers or landlords in order to finance major renovation work, specifically for overall energy performance of the building and upgrading sewage system for energy consumption reductions.

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP)

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  • Policy

    Creation of the interest-free eco-loan (eco-PTZ) in 2009 aimed at individual owner-occupiers or landlords in order to finance major renovation work, specifically for overall energy performance of the building and upgrading sewage system for energy consumption reductions.

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP)

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    By 2030, significantly increase the energy efficient renovation of residential and tertiary buildings to reduce energy consumption by 28 % compared to 2010, with interim targets of 8 % for 2018 and 15 % by 2023.

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP) through Multiannual energy programming (PPE)

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  • Policy

    Mandates a CO2 label for passenger cars for all new vehicles on their first sale. Labels display average carbon dioxide emissions in grams per kilometer. Labels list grades from A (less than 100 gms/km) to G (more than 250 gms/km) and specify average emissions in several driving conditions, from aggressive to leisured, and intercity to freeway.

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP) Referencing Decree from 10 May 2006

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  • Policy

    Requires transport providers (passenger or freight transport businesses, removal firms, taxi firms, freight forwarders, travel agents, etc.) to inform their customers of the CO2 emissions of each transport service.

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP) (adopted through Law No 2010-788 of 12 July 2010 and is reiterated in the Transport Code (Article L.1431-3). Decree No 2011-1336 of 24 October 2011)

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  • Policy

    Establishes a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community (EU), directive 2003/87/EC.

    National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEP)

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    By 2020, achieve 23% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption, achieve 33% of heat consumption met by renewable sources, and achieve 27% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources.

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

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  • Policy

    By 2020, achieve 10.5% of energy demand in transport sector met by renewable energy sources.

    National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

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      Sustainable Fuels

  • Policy

    Requires that all new homes and buildings for sale must undergo an energy performance evaluation (an energy performance diagnostic, or DPE), and receive an energy performance certificate. The certificate indicates both the level of energy consumption and the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission level, on a scale of A to G, with G being least efficient and highest GHG emissions. The diagnostic must be accompanied with recommendations on improving the buildings energy efficiency. The diagnostic and certificates must also be provided for rentals, and is to be provided for all new construction where the building permit was submitted after 1 July 2007. DPE applies to all public buildings, and public display of the certificate is mandatory.

    Energy Performance Diagnosis/Certificate

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      EP100 - Double energy productivity

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      Join the LCTPi

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      Report climate information (TCFD)

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      Science-based targets

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      EP100 - Double energy productivity

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      Join the LCTPi

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      RE100 - 100% renewable power

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      Report climate information (TCFD)

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      Science-based targets

  • Policy

    Feed-in-premiums will be granted through 2 pathways either through

    • direct contracting, where eligible technologies will be able to sign a contract for 15 to 20 years with a compelled entity

    Technologies eligible for direct contracting: hydropower under 1 MW, waste incineration, biogas from landfill and waste water treatment plant above 500 kW, geothermal power plants, onshore wind.

    • through competitive tenders, where only the winners will be able to sign a contract for 15 to 20 years.

    Technologies subjected to tendering: small hydropower  (1- 4,5 MW),  biomass, biogas above 500 kW, Solar PV above 500 kWc.

    Support Scheme for Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources Decrees n°2016-682 and n°2016-691

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      Join the LCTPi

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      RE100 - 100% renewable power

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      Report climate information (TCFD)

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      Science-based targets

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      EV100 - Commit to electric vehicles

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      Join the LCTPi

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      Reduce SLCPs

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      Report climate information (TCFD)

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      Science-based targets

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      Sustainable Fuels